Arki's Blog – Wer alles glaubt, muss nichts wissen.

15. Oktober 2009

Geheimagent Mussolini

Filed under: Politik,Wirres Zeug — mrarkadin @ 02:29
Tags: , ,

Dokumente zeigen, der italienische Diktator konnte seine politische Karriere 1917 mit Hilfe des britischen Geheimdienst MI5 ausweiten, in dem sie ihm 100 Pfund pro Woche zahlten damit Italien weiter im ersten Weltkrieg gegen Deutschland kämpfte. Er war für ca. ein Jahr ein britischer Agent.
Historian Dr Peter Martland says MI5 records show it paid „Il Duce“ £100 per week, about £5,000 today,to spread pro-war propaganda via his newspaper.
Dr Martland said the payments were agreed in 1917, after Russia collapsed into the Bolshevik revolution and Italy was „smashed“ at the Battle of Caporetto. It’s good value for money – he was what the British needed
Dr Peter Martland
Fearing the war would be lost, Britain sent a team of 100 intelligence officers to Italy to „stiffen the backbone“ of its industrial working classes, he said.
A prominent Conservative, Sir Samuel would go on to become foreign secretary almost two decades later and in 1935 signed the pact that would give Mussolini – by then a bloody dictator – control over Abyssinia, the country that is now Ethiopia.
For the British intelligence agency, it must have seemed like a good investment. Mussolini, then a 34-year-old journalist, was not just willing to ensure Italy continued to fight alongside the allies in the first world war by publishing propaganda in his paper. He was also willing to send in the boys to „persuade“ peace protesters to stay at home.
Cambridge historian Peter Martland, who discovered details of the deal struck with the future dictator, said: „Britain’s least reliable ally in the war at the time was Italy after revolutionary Russia’s pullout from the conflict. Mussolini was paid £100 a week from the autumn of 1917 for at least a year to keep up the pro-war campaigning – equivalent to about £6,000 a week today.“
As well as keeping the presses rolling at Il Popolo d’Italia, the newspaper he edited, Mussolini also told Hoare he would send Italian army veterans to beat up peace protesters in Milan, a dry run for his fascist blackshirt units.

„The last thing Britain wanted were pro-peace strikes bringing the factories in Milan to a halt. It was a lot of money to pay a man who was a journalist at the time, but compared to the £4m Britain was spending on the war every day, it was petty cash,“ said Martland.
After the armistice, Mussolini began his rise to power, assisted by electoral fraud and blackshirt violence, establishing a fascist dictorship by the mid-1920s.
His colonial ambitions in Africa brought him into contact with his old paymaster again in 1935. Now the British foreign secretary, Hoare signed the Hoare-Laval pact, which gave Italy control over Abyssinia.
The unpopularity of the Hoare-Laval pact in Britain forced Hoare to resign. Mussolini, meanwhile, built on his new colonial clout to ally with Hitler, entering the second world war in 1940, this time to fight against the allies.

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